Sari J. Siegel: Changing Circumstances, Shifting Approaches - Jewish Prisoner-Physicians in Nazi Concentration and Forced Labour Camps
DÖW-Kooperation: VWI goes to the Josephinum, 20. Mai 2015
Although they are relatively absent from Holocaust historiography, Jewish prisoner-physicians served as functionaries at Auschwitz-Birkenau and concentration and forced labour camps throughout the "Greater German Reich," thereby playing a significant yet under-researched role in the Nazis’ exploitation and attempted annihilation of European Jewry between 1938 and 1945. These Jewish men and women who utilised their medical training in camps' Häftlings-krankenbauten and Reviere facilitated Nazi goals to varying extents and in a multitude of ways.
Bringing together findings from eight months of archival research in Austria, Germany, and Poland, this presentation offers insight into the Jewish prisoner-physicians' activities and their attempts to preserve their own lives while honouring their oath to do no harm. It draws particular attention to behavioural shifts in response to dynamic contexts - on both immediate and more distant levels. The former category includes fluctuations in the availability of medicines, medical supplies, and food, as well as in the severity and nature of epidemics, while the latter highlights variables such as the German war economy and the Third Reich's military fortunes on the battlefield.
Such dynamic factors reveal the limitations of Primo Levi's "grey zone" model for prisoner-functionary behaviour and demand, instead, a coercion-resistance spectrum - a model that emphasises changes in behaviour and thus encourages us to contemplate fluctuations in conditions, which are, despite their being central aspects of life (and death) in the camps, often overlooked.
Comments by Herwig Czech
Sari J. Siegel is a Junior Fellow at the VWI and a doctoral candidate at the University of Southern California. She was the American recipient of the 2014 IfZ-USHMM Exchange of Scholars Award and holds a 2014-15 Kagan Fellowship in Advanced Shoah Studies. Treating an Auschwitz Prisoner-Physician: The Case of Dr. Maximilian Samuel appears in the current issue of Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
Herwig Czech is Research Fellow at the Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance (DÖW).
Veranstaltet vom Wiener Wiesenthal Institut für Holocaust-Studien (VWI) in Kooperation mit: Josephinum und DÖW
Mittwoch, 20. Mai 2015, 15.00 bis 16.30 Uhr
Josephinum, Währinger Straße 25, 1090 Wien